How to become a Biomedical Engineer

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Engineering & technology


Who is Biomedical Engineer ?

Biomedical engineering is the intersection between biology, medicine and engineering that is primarily concerned with creating technology and medicine that preserves and improves the quality of life of ailing patients. This field of engineering combines engineering principles with biological knowledge with the intention to address medical needs. Biomedical engineering is also referred to as Bioengineering or BioMed or even BME.

It is due to the development and progress made in biomedical engineering that we are able to avail of revolutionary and life-saving concepts such as kidney dialysis, surgical robots, artificial organs, prosthetics and many more. It is the study of engineering principles and techniques to streamline medical assistance to practitioners like doctors and physicians.

Biomedical engineering being a vast, multidisciplinary field with different areas of focus, aspirants may choose any of these subdivisions to specialize in: Bio-materials, computational biology, biomedical electronics, medical imaging, orthopaedic bioengineering, bio-nanotechnology, cellular, tissue and genetic engineering, and biomedical electronics. When addressing biomedical engineering scope, there is an increasing demand for biomedical engineers owing to society’s general increase in the consumption of machinery and technology in all aspects of life. 

Typical day at work

What does Biomedical Engineer do?

There are different types of biomedical engineering jobs typically depending on the area of specialization. Generally,  it comprises of the following tasks:

  • Evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and efficiency of the biomedical equipment.
  • Train the involved personnel on the proper use of the equipment.
  • Design equipment like artificial internal organs, machines that can diagnose medical problems
  • Design electrical circuits, software to run the medical equipment, or computer simulations in order to test the new drug therapies.
  • Present research outcomes

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Biomedical Engineer?

Skills and Abilities of Biomedical Engineers Biomedical engineers must:

1. Communicate

  • Ask questions and pay attention to what others are saying.
  • Recognize written information.
  • Read and comprehend job-related materials.
  • Recognize spoken information.
  • Write in a clear manner so that others can understand.
  • peak clearly so that your listeners can understand you.

2. Reasoning and Problem Solving

  • Analyze ideas and use logic to determine their advantages and disadvantages.
  • To find solutions to problems, use reasoning.
  • Recognize the nature of the issue.
  • Draw conclusions by combining several pieces of information.
  • Analyze the costs and benefits of a potential action.
  • Recognize when something is wrong or is about to go wrong.
  • Consider solving problems in novel, unusual, or creative ways.
  • Determine what needs to be changed in order to achieve your objectives.
  • Recognize when significant changes occur or are likely to occur in a system.
  • To arrange objects or actions in a specific order, follow the guidelines.
  • By studying and working with new information or materials, you can better understand them.
  • Create rules that group items in a variety of ways.
  • Consider new approaches to a topic.

3. Concentrate and avoid distractions when performing a task.

  • Make use of Math and Science
  • To solve problems, select a mathematical method or formula.
  • To solve problems, employ scientific methods.
  • To solve problems, use your math skills.

4. Quickly and correctly add, subtract, multiply, and divide. Manage oneself, one's people, one's time, and one's possessions.

  • Examine how well someone is learning or performing something.
  • Manage your own and other people's time.
  • Motivate, develop, and direct employees while they are at work.

5. Work with Others

  • Teach someone else how to do something.
  • Change your behaviour in response to the actions of others.
  • Bring people together to discuss differences in order to solve problems.
  • Look for ways to assist others.
  • Be aware of other people's reactions and investigate the possible causes.
  • Persuade others to take a different approach.
  • Use a variety of methods to learn or teach new skills.

6. Utilize Things

  • When designing products, consider needs and requirements.
  • Create equipment and technology to meet the needs of users.
  • Inspect and evaluate product quality.
  • Create computer software.

Visualize and Perceive

  • Consider how something will appear if it is moved or its parts are rearranged.
  • Identify a hidden pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) in distracting material.
  • Compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns quickly and accurately.

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How to become an Biomedical Engineer?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Biomedical Engineer ?

In order to enrol into a Bachelor’s program at one of the best biomedical engineering colleges, aspirants are expected to clear the JEE main and subsequently, the JEE Advance exam which makes the aspirant eligible to apply at any university in India. It is a challenging exam to crack that requires hard work as well as rigorous and consistent preparation. Some states have their own entrance exams that are admissible in their respective universities. Many educational institutes conduct their own entrance tests. 


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Biomedical Engineer?

With the requisite educational background, and preferably with the experience gained during an internship, aspirants may apply for the following biomedical engineering jobs: 

  • Service engineer - Medical equipment
  • Technician - Biomedical
  • Product designer - Medical devices
  • Biomedical engineer technician
  • Production Manager 
  • Clinical research associate 
  • Quality manager


Are there internships available for Biomedical Engineer?

In any given field, along with theoretical knowledge, it is always an added advantage to get an on-ground experience that enhances the aspirant’s understanding of the domain. It is highly encouraged to take up an internship and gain exposure to the latest software and hardware tools, methodologies and technology and become fluent with industrial standards. Aspirants may seek internships while studying and even after graduation. Many education boards have made it mandatory to take up at least one internship during the course of their degree program in order to better prepare the candidates for competence in the real world. 

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Biomedical Engineer?

Manufacturing industries, healthcare and medical facilities, consultancies, government medical organisations, and research organisations are all places where biomedical engineers can find work. A fresher`s salary ranges from around INR 3,00,000 to INR 6,00,000. Phillips, Siemens, GE Healthcare, and others are among the top recruiting firms. The technological revolution, combined with advancements in healthcare, has fueled the demand for Biomedical Engineers.

The application of engineering principles and biological knowledge to medical needs has resulted in the development of revolutionary and life-saving concepts such as artificial organs, surgical robots, advanced prosthetics, and many others. Aside from computer-assisted surgery and extensive research in molecular, cellular, and tissue engineering, the rapidly emerging rehabilitation and orthopaedic engineering fields have also fueled demand for biomedical engineers. R&D (research and development) is another appealing option for them, both in India and abroad.