How to become an Industrial Engineer

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Engineering & technology


Who is Industrial Engineer ?

Industrial Engineering is an exceptional branch of engineering that is associated with developing, improving and implementing integrated systems involving people, information, materials, machines, energy, devices and capital in order to investigate, analyze and optimize complex processes and systems. Basically, the aim of industrial engineering is to devise efficient systems and also improve the quality and productivity of systems in the most economic, efficient and effective way. In order to do the same, industrial engineers employ specialized knowledge and skills associated with mathematics, physics and social sciences, along with the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design to predict, and evaluate the results obtained from systems and processes.

An industrial engineer is a dynamic, versatile and skilled professional that engages in activities that are relevant to a variety of businesses, governments and organizations. Industrial engineering aims to improve the production of an item, product or system through tweaking the product design or developing better processes. Generally, most of the engineer’s work can be done from an office, but some aspects of the industrial engineering job requires periodic visits to the manufacturing sites and factories. Following article provides a more informed understanding of how to become an industrial engineer, what does an industrial engineer do and what degree do you need to become an industrial engineer. 

Typical day at work

What does Industrial Engineer do?

The role of an industrial engineer depends on the educational background, experience, skill sets and area of specialization. Generally,  it comprises of the following tasks:

  • Automate an industrial facility through computer integrated technology
  • Identify the most cost-effective material handling alternative.
  • Establish a better facility layout alternative for an industrial company
  • perform cost-benefit analysis
  • Design economic, industrial processes to improve product quality
  • Operate computer-aided design tools and software to design and produce products and systems
  • Diagnosing faults in the product design and industrial process

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Industrial Engineer?

An industrial engineer must have specific requisite skills and inclinations and relevant educational background to excel in the field. Aspirants are expected to be excellent problem-solvers, have great communication skills and have a sharp, analytic mind. An Industrial engineer also tends to work in highly challenging work environments with individual project work and team interaction which is why aspirants must have leadership skills,  team working skills and the ability to work well under pressure. In addition, industrial engineering jobs require a fair contribution of Mathematics, creativity, innovation and logical concepts, and thus, candidates must exhibit these traits to at least some extent.

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How to become an Industrial Engineer?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Industrial Engineer ?

In order to enrol into a Bachelor’s program at an esteemed university, aspirants are expected to clear the JEE main and subsequently, the JEE Advance exam which makes the aspirant eligible to apply anywhere in India. It is a very difficult and challenging exam to crack that requires hard work as well as rigorous and consistent preparation. Some states have their own entrance exams that are admissible in their respective universities. Many educational institutes conduct their own entrance tests. 


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Industrial Engineer?

With a relevant educational background, appealing attributes and preferably with the experience gained during an internship, aspirants may apply for the following industrial engineering job profiles: 

  • Production manager
  • Quality Manager
  • Engineering manager
  • Engineering Plant Production Manager
  • Foundry Production Engineer and Manager
  • Asst. Production Manager
  • Production Engineer
  • Management Engineer
  • Production Support Engineer
  • Operation Analyst


Are there internships available for Industrial Engineer?

In any given field, along with theoretical knowledge, it is always an added advantage to get an on-ground experience that enhances the aspirant's understanding of the domain. Therefore, it is highly encouraged to take up an internship and gain exposure to the latest industrial practices, methodologies and technology and become fluent with industrial standards. Aspirants may seek internships while studying and even after graduation. Many education boards have made it mandatory to take up at least one internship during their degree program better to prepare the candidates for competence in the real world.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Industrial Engineer?

Industrial engineering is an increasingly popular branch of engineering for many reasons, one of them being that it allows aspirants the opportunity to work for a variety of industries as production and manufacturing processes are not limited to only a few industries: it can range from critical medical device manufacturers to electronics, pre-engineered building manufacturers and even aircraft engine manufacturers.

Furthermore, it allows aspirants to retain their creativity professionally, thereby producing tangible, concrete items they helped to manufacture or improve. Industrial engineers work on products that touch and improve people's lives all over the world. Thus, it can be said that the career outlook is very bright for industrial engineers as it is one of the economy's most important industries.