How to become a Lawyer

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Law and Legal Services


Who is Lawyer ?

Lawyers are professionals who are licensed to practice law and represent their clients in legal proceedings. They offer legal advice to their clients in civil or criminal proceedings by counselling them about their legal rights and obligations. They are allowed to represent the defendant, the party on the receiving end of the legal action or the plaintiff, the party filing the legal action. They use their legal expertise to uphold the law and protect the rights of their clients.

They assist the client throughout the legal case, including initiating the lawsuit, drafting legal documents, attending formal hearings, filing legal documents, assessing the case to generate solutions. Lawyers can work in different roles such as environmental lawyers, intellectual lawyers, family lawyers, securities lawyers. They obtain extensive training to be well-versed with the laws laid down by the constitution and the legal procedures prescribed by the law.

Types of Lawyer

  1. Corporate Lawyer: Specializes in corporate law, including business transactions, mergers, acquisitions, and contract negotiations.
  2. Criminal Defense Lawyer: Defends individuals or organizations facing criminal charges and represents them in court.
  3. Family Lawyer: Handles legal matters related to family law, such as divorce, child custody, adoption, and domestic disputes.
  4. Personal Injury Lawyer: Represents individuals who have been injured due to the negligence of others and seeks compensation for their injuries.
  5. Immigration Lawyer: Assists clients with immigration and visa-related matters, including obtaining work permits and citizenship.
  6. Real Estate Lawyer: Deals with legal issues concerning property, such as buying, selling, leasing, and resolving disputes.
  7. Intellectual Property Lawyer: Specializes in protecting and enforcing intellectual property rights, including patents, trademarks, and copyrights.
  8. Employment Lawyer: Handles workplace-related legal issues, such as employment contracts, discrimination claims, and labor disputes.
  9. Environmental Lawyer: Focuses on environmental regulations, compliance, and representing clients in environmental disputes.
  10. Bankruptcy Lawyer: Assists individuals or businesses facing financial difficulties by guiding bankruptcy proceedings.
  11. Healthcare Lawyer: Specializes in healthcare law, dealing with legal issues related to medical practices, regulations, and patient rights.
  12. Entertainment Lawyer: Represents individuals and companies in the entertainment industry, including contracts, copyrights, and licensing.
  13. Tax Lawyer: Deals with tax-related matters, including tax planning, disputes, and compliance with tax laws.
  14. Civil Rights Lawyer: Advocates for individuals whose civil rights have been violated, often involving discrimination cases.
  15. International Lawyer: Handles legal matters that cross international borders, such as international trade, treaties, and disputes.

Here are some steps to becoming a Lawyer

  1. Undergraduate Education: Obtain a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university. No specific major is required for law school, but courses in political science, history, or pre-law can be beneficial.
  2. Take the LSAT: Register for and take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). The LSAT is a standardized test that assesses critical thinking, analytical reasoning, and reading comprehension skills. Law schools use LSAT scores as part of the admissions process.
  3. Apply to Law School: Research and apply to law schools accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA) or the relevant accrediting body in your country. Law school typically takes three years to complete.
  4. Law School Education: Complete an accredited law school's three-year Juris Doctor (J.D.) program. During law school, students study various areas of law, participate in moot courts and legal clinics, and gain practical experience through internships.
  5. Pass the Bar Exam: After graduating from law school, prepare for and take the bar exam in the jurisdiction where you intend to practice law. The bar exam tests your knowledge of the law and legal procedures.
  6. Gain Legal Experience: Upon passing the bar exam, gain practical legal experience. Many new lawyers start their careers as associates in law firms or as clerks in judicial offices to gain valuable experience.
  7. Specialize (Optional): Consider specializing in a particular area of law, such as family law, corporate law, or criminal law. Specialization can enhance your expertise and career opportunities.
  8. Obtain a License: Apply for a law license from the state bar association once you have met all the requirements, including passing the bar exam and completing any necessary professional training.
  9. Continuing Legal Education: Throughout your legal career, participate in continuing legal education (CLE) programs to stay updated on changes in the law and maintain your legal license.
  10. Build a Legal Career: As a licensed attorney, you can work in law firms, government agencies, or corporations or start your practice. Build your legal career by gaining experience and establishing a reputation in the legal community.

Typical day at work

What does Lawyer do?

  • Meet with the clients to collect information about their case and offer legal guidance, support and advice to clients.
  • Counsel the clients regarding the interpretation of regulations, laws, rulings as it applies to their case.
  • Represent the clients in courts, government agencies as well as in private legal matters.
  • Perform case research by interviewing witnesses gathering and reviewing evidence, attending site inspections, reading depositions.
  • Devise the best legal strategies for defending the client in proceedings.
  • Draw up and file appeals, discovery, motions, contracts, wills, lawsuits, and other legal documents.
  • Help the client to execute plea bargains, agreements.
  • Collect retainers and implement contracts determining the parameters of their professional relationship with the client.

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Lawyer?

For one to function successfully as a lawyer, one should be equipped with excellent analytical, conceptual, and research skills. They are expected to be skilled at critical thinking and logical reasoning to investigate and resolve legal cases. Communication skills are crucial for a lawyer as they need to have a flair for expressing information in a clear, understandable manner. Their negotiating and mediation skills are paramount. Public speaking skills are also required as they need to be able to present information in front of the clients, board, judge, juries, as well as opposing counsel. Time management and organization skills are also needed for a lawyer to be able to perform well under pressure and meet deadlines. Leadership skills coupled with excellent observation abilities shall allow the individual to efficiently carry out their duties as a lawyer. They should be skilled at producing written documents in a clear and precise manner.


Salary for Lawyer?

As a lawyer, the salary can vary based on experience, specialization, location, and the size of the law firm or organization. Here's the information for a Lawyer in India:

  • Minimum Monthly Salary: For entry-level lawyers or those working in smaller law firms, the monthly salary may range from INR 25,000 to INR 40,000, especially at the start of their careers.
  • Maximum Monthly Salary: Established and highly successful lawyers, especially those working in large law firms or with significant expertise, can earn a maximum monthly salary of INR 1,00,000 to INR 3,00,000 or more.
  • Annual Salary: The annual salary of a lawyer can be from INR 3,00,000 to several lakhs or more, depending on their level of experience, specialization, and the success of their legal practice.
  • Highest Paying Job and Scope: The highest paying job for a lawyer is when they are partners in prestigious law firms, handling high-profile cases or representing major corporations. Renowned lawyers with a successful track record can command higher fees for their legal services. The scope for lawyers is promising, given the diverse legal landscape in India, with opportunities in corporate law, litigation, intellectual property, and more. Lawyers play a vital role in the legal system, providing legal advice, representing clients in courts, and facilitating legal transactions. 

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How to become an Lawyer?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Lawyer ?

To enroll into a Bachelor's Program in Law, it is essential for the aspiring candidate to clear entrance exams conducted by various educational institutes. Most widely conducted entrance exams for career in law are TS LAW CET, AP LAWCET, SET SLAT, DU LLB, MHT CET. Universities like SRM, IMS Noida, etc. take admission without entrance exams.


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Lawyer?

  • Law firms, Consultancies
  • Finance
  • Corporate
  • Media and publishing houses.
  • Courthouses
  • International organization such as UNO or UNICEF
  • NGO
  • FMCG
  • Real Estate


Are there internships available for Lawyer?

The internship allows students to gain experience working in organizations while studying at University. The importance of a law firm internship is to provide direction, professionalism, better understanding, and substantive work. The law Internship provides first-hand experience in the legal profession and day-to-day responsibilities coming from attorneys, they speak with lawyers and develop their skills and knowledge.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Lawyer?

The outlook for lawyers remains promising as they continue to play a vital role in the legal system. With the complexity of modern laws and the need for legal representation, lawyers are in demand across various sectors. Advancements in technology have also expanded the scope of legal practice, offering opportunities in areas like intellectual property and cyber law. Moreover, the increasing focus on social justice and human rights issues calls for skilled advocates. While competition exists, lawyers with specialized expertise and strong communication skills are well-positioned to thrive in this dynamic and evolving profession.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How many years will it take to become a lawyer?

Answer: The time it takes to become a lawyer can vary based on the educational path and the country's legal system. In general, it takes about 7-8 years of education and training after high school to become a lawyer. This includes:

  • - 3-4 years for a bachelor's degree (undergraduate education)
  • - 3 years for a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from law school
  • - Additional time to prepare for and pass the bar exam (varies by country)

2. What should I do after 12th to become a lawyer?

Answer: After completing the 12th standard, to become a lawyer, you typically need to follow these steps:

  • Pursue a bachelor's degree in law (LLB) by enrolling in a law school or university offering LLB programs.
  • Complete the 3-year LLB program, where you will study various areas of law and gain foundational legal knowledge.

3. What should I study to become a lawyer?

Answer: To become a lawyer, you should study law. After completing high school, you must pursue a bachelor's degree in law (LLB) from a recognized law school or university. During the LLB program, you will study subjects related to law, legal systems, contracts, torts, constitutional law, criminal law, and more.

4. Can we do law after 12th?

Answer: Yes, you can pursue law after completing the 12th standard. In many countries, including India, integrated undergraduate law programs allow you to study law directly after the 12th. These programs usually offer a combined BA LLB or BBA LLB degree, where you study law along with other subjects in the undergraduate course.

5. What is the salary of a lawyer in India?

Answer: The salary of a lawyer in India can vary widely depending on factors such as experience, location, the type of law practiced, and the employer. For fresh law graduates starting their careers, the salary may range from ?3 to ? six lakhs per annum in law firms. However, experienced lawyers with established practices or working in reputed law firms or corporate legal departments can earn significantly higher salaries, often exceeding ?10 lakhs per annum or more.