Robotics Engineering is a specialization under the broach branch of engineering that is focused on producing automated machines. A robotics engineer is responsible for designing, building, assembling as well as testing, and maintaining robots and robotics systems. This field represents an intersection of multiple areas of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science. A robotics engineer primarily aims to develop or ‘manipulate’ machines to perform tasks that are otherwise done by a human. They also build robots to make tasks easier and safer for humans by programing machines to perform hazardous or unhealthy jobs. A robotics engineer shall use 3D-CAD (Computer-Aided Design) tools to design the robot/robotics system to the circuit and finally build the product using CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacture) framework. The robotics engineer is to carry out these tasks while attempting to make the final product as accessible and economical as possible. Given the amount of time and effort that goes into each project/product, it is not uncommon for robotics engineers to have worked only on a handful of them throughout their career.
Typical day at work
The role of a robotics engineer comprises of the following tasks:
Abilities and Aptitude needed
A robotics engineer must be in possession of certain requisite skills and inclinations along with a relevant educational background. Excellent complex problem-solving and communication abilities, as well as critical thinking skills, are important for robotics engineers. Since the nature of their work is quite challenging, they need to be resourceful as well as have the ability to produce quality work under pressure. They must also be able to work in adherence to timelines. An aspiring robotics engineer should have good knowledge of math as well as be innovative, inquisitive, and logical. They should also be able to work along with a team and comfortable with leadership roles as well. Readiness to work long hours and willingness to take up responsibilities is necessary. An aspiring robotics engineer should develop and hone their decision making and reasoning skills as well.
Minimum Monthly Salary: Entry-level Robotics Engineers may earn a minimum monthly salary of around INR 25,000 to INR 40,000. These are typically individuals who have recently completed their education in robotics engineering or a related field and are starting their careers.
Maximum Monthly Salary: Experienced and highly skilled Robotics Engineers with advanced degrees, specialized expertise, and several years of experience may earn anywhere from INR 80,000 to INR 1,50,000 or more monthly. The salary can vary based on factors such as the size and reputation of the company, the complexity of the projects they work on, and their level of responsibility within the engineering team.
Annual Salary: The annual salary may range from INR 3,00,000 to INR 4,80,000 for entry-level or junior Robotics Engineers. As Robotics Engineers gain more experience, work on cutting-edge projects, and develop expertise in specific areas of robotics (such as AI-based robotics or industrial automation), their annual income can increase to approximately INR 9,60,000 to INR 18,00,000 or higher.
Highest Paying Jobs and Scope: Robotics is a rapidly evolving field with significant growth potential. Robotics Engineers with expertise in developing advanced robotic systems, such as autonomous vehicles, medical robots, or industrial automation solutions, will likely have better salary prospects. Additionally, those who work in research and development or contribute to innovative projects may command higher salaries.
The scope for Robotics Engineers in India is promising, as industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, logistics, and agriculture increasingly embrace robotic technology to improve efficiency and productivity. Robotics Engineers can find employment opportunities in various sectors, including robotics research labs, manufacturing companies, tech startups, and consulting firms.
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In order to enrol into a Bachelor’s program at an esteemed university, aspirants are expected to clear the JEE main and subsequently, the JEE Advance exam which makes the aspirant eligible to apply anywhere in India. It is a very difficult and challenging exam to crack that requires hard work as well as rigorous and consistent preparation. Some states have their own entrance exams that are admissible in their respective universities. Many educational institutes conduct their own entrance tests.
Depending on one’s educational background, experience, and skillsets, aspirants may apply for the following robotics engineering jobs:
In any given field, along with theoretical knowledge, it is always an added advantage to get an on-ground experience that enhances the aspirant’s understanding of the domain. It is highly encouraged to take up an internship and gain exposure to the latest software and hardware tools, methodologies and technology and become fluent with industrial standards. Aspirants may seek internships while studying and even after graduation. Many education boards have made it mandatory to take up at least one internship during the course of their degree program in order to better prepare the candidates for competence in the real world.
Robotics engineers are able to work in the government sector as well as in private industries to create and build robotics systems. They generally employed in laboratories, manufacturing plants, and formal offices. Due to the wide applicability of this automation processes, they can be employed in industries such as mining, manufacturing, aerospace, nuclear, textile, metals as well as military and defence organizations. A robotics engineer can also work a technician job at multinational automation companies. Apart from this a robotics engineer can use their expertise of the subject to further research in the field or teach aspiring robotics engineers at universities. A number of individuals pursuing this career work for private robot manufacturers today while a few others are employed at space and military programs as well. Further down the line, a robotics engineer can also advance to management positions such as robotics managers or even branch into the robot sales sector. Starting one’s own robotics consulting firm is also another option for them. Along with the rapid increase in technology, there has also been a sharp uptick in the use of robots.