How to become a Civil Engineer

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Infratech Engineering & technology


Who is Civil Engineer ?

As one of the most ancient branches of engineering, this broad field of Civil Engineering is concerned with the design, planning, construction, and maintenance of large-scale infrastructure and facilities, such as highway and tunnel construction as well as bridge and sewage system construction as well as airport and water supply facilities, as well as schools and hospitals, among other things. Civil Engineers have made significant contributions to the physical and urban environments of our civilisation over the course of millennia. Civil engineers are responsible for the design, construction, and maintenance of constructed shared settings. These professionals, who have in-depth understanding of the sector, are essential to creating infrastructures from their inception all the way through to completion.

Engineering specialisations in this branch include environmental engineering, earthquake engineering, Coastal and Ocean Engineering (including tidal waves and ocean currents), hydraulic engineering, municipal and urban engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, irrigation engineering, and water resources engineering (to name a few). The need of enhancing existing infrastructure, as well as the necessity to safeguard public and environmental health, is emphasised in their work. They provide a good contribution to the development of strong economies and have a long-term positive influence on society via their job.

Typical day at work

What does Civil Engineer do?

The responsibilities of a civil engineer comprise of the following tasks:

  • To prepare permit documents for projects and ensure compliance to the safety practices on the project site is according to the state/national laws
  • To conduct risk analysis while considering the potential environmental hazards and the costs 
  • To analyze the data such as maps, reports, tests, drawings from onsite investigations to guide the projects
  • To construct blueprints with regards to technical specifications, plans, and schedules 
  • To supervise and manage the process of repairing and maintaining infrastructure as well as replacement of the same
  • To conduct tests and collect topographical and geological data
  • To develop detailed designs for projects using design software upon studying reports, aerial photographs, soil composition etc
  • To evaluate the economical feasibility of the project by calculating the costs of labour, materials, equipment etc.
  • To direct, manage, and supervise the construction at the site of the project
  • To produce technical documentation regarding the project as required
  • To ensure project is feasible by evaluating the structural integrity and the practicality of the design continually
  • To present their findings to the stakeholders regarding bid proposals, property descriptions, environmental impact statements.

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Civil Engineer?

Civil engineers should have a set of abilities that enable them to work on a wide range of projects. Here are some of the qualities that good civil engineers have:

Civil engineers are in charge of projects of varied sizes and need decision-making abilities. They must make judgments throughout the development of a project, such as analysing the project's viability in terms of cost and safety criteria. By using best practices and utilising their knowledge and expertise, a successful engineer should be able to make the best judgments possible.

Problem-solving abilities: Civil engineers are in charge of planning, developing, and executing a variety of activities, and they must be able to find efficient solutions to any difficulties that arise. They must be able to examine a project or aspect, foresee all concerns, and come up with appropriate solutions.

Organizational skills: As a civil engineer, you must be able to stay organised. A civil engineer is responsible for overseeing the project's development as well as leading a team of experts and workers. They may also be required to work on many projects at the same time.

Civil engineers may lead or consult a team of other engineers, technicians, surveyors, planners, and labourers in the project's implementation.

Civil engineers must also have a solid grasp of calculus, trigonometry, and any other architectural or construction-related math that may be necessary when working on a project.

A civil engineer must also be capable of monitoring and regulating resources, as well as documenting work. They should be well-versed in IT as well as design/visualization applications such as AutoCAD and Civil 3D. Civil engineers must also be knowledgeable on the laws and policies that apply to their field of work since they must adhere to safety requirements, get permits, and obtain regulatory approvals for their projects.


Salary for Civil Engineer?

A "Civil Engineer" salary can vary based on factors such as experience, education, the size and type of projects they work on, the location of work, and the employer.

  • Minimum Monthly Salary: The monthly salary can be from INR 25,000 to INR 40,000.
  • Maximum Monthly Salary: The monthly salary can be from INR 80,000 to INR 1,50,000 or more.
  • Annual Salary: The annual salary can be from INR 3,00,000 to INR 18,00,000 or more.
  • Highest Paying Job and Scope: The highest paying job for a Civil Engineer is often in senior management or specialized roles within large construction companies, infrastructure development firms, or government organizations. The scope for Civil Engineers is broad and promising. They play a crucial role in planning, designing, constructing, and maintaining various infrastructure projects, including roads, bridges, buildings, airports, water supply systems, and more.

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How to become an Civil Engineer?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Civil Engineer ?

In order to enrol into a Bachelor’s program at an esteemed university, aspirants are expected to clear the JEE main and subsequently, the JEE Advance exam which makes the aspirant eligible to apply at any university in India. It is a challenging exam to crack that requires hard work as well as rigorous and consistent preparation. Some states have their own entrance exams that are admissible in their respective universities. Many educational institutes conduct their own entrance tests.


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Civil Engineer?

Depending on one’s educational background, experience, and skillsets, aspirants may apply for the following civil engineering jobs:

  • Structural Engineer
  • Site Engineer
  • Geotechnical Engineers
  • Construction Engineer
  • Transportation Engineer
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Water Resource Engineer
  • Project Manager
  • Supervisor of a construction site
  • City Engineer,
  • Public Works Director
  • City Manager.


Are there internships available for Civil Engineer?

In any given field, along with theoretical knowledge, it is always an added advantage to get an on-ground experience that enhances the aspirant’s understanding of the domain. Civil engineering jobs being as grave and crucial as they are, undeniably prefer candidates that have had experience in this field. Thus, it is highly encouraged to take up an internship and gain exposure to the latest tools, practices, methodologies and technology and become fluent with industrial standards. Aspirants may seek internships while studying and even after graduation. Many education boards have made it mandatory to take up at least one internship during the course of their degree program in order to better prepare the candidates for competence in the real world.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Civil Engineer?

Civil engineers will have more chances as the world`s population rises, necessitating more water and waste management systems, as well as renewable energy projects. Civil engineers have a bright future ahead of them because of the significance of their work in the economy. They monitor the project in an office environment, as well as at council meetings and construction sites. Civil engineers are joined by technicians who specialise in civil engineering.

They usually work full-time, with most of their time spent monitoring project progress, ensuring that design criteria are satisfied, and ensuring that work is completed on schedule. Some civil engineers also serve as supervisors, ensuring that safe working standards are adhered to. Another alternative for civil engineers is to work in administration, such as as a public works director or a municipal manager. Opportunities to work in areas such as research and education, where they may share their knowledge and help aspiring civil engineers.