How to become a Computer Programmer

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Computer & IT


Who is Computer Programmer ?

Computer programming is an exciting and thriving engineering job that refers to the entire process of creating and constructing an executable computer programme in order to achieve a given computing outcome using scientific, mathematical, and computational methods. This branch of engineering overlaps with computer science engineering, systems engineering and management science. A computer programmer takes designs created by software developers and engineers and turns them into sets of instructions that computers can comprehend and follow. Basically, a computer programmer is responsible for writing computer software.

Computer programmers work in a constantly evolving environment due to technological advances and must periodically update their technical skills and abilities to keep abreast with the trends. As a large and diversified subject, computer engineering allows applicants to concentrate on areas such as database administration, web development, system design, system testing, machine learning software development, and so on.

Another point to consider is that computer programming is a diverse topic with applications in specialist IT organisations, the manufacturing industry, financial services, and public utilities, which means that computer programmers have plenty of job options. Computer programmer skills required for relevant job positions and the corresponding computer programming salary vary, but professionals can increase their earning potential and career options with advanced education and credentials.

Typical day at work

What does Computer Programmer do?

The role of a computer programmer typically depends on the educational background, experience, skill sets and area of specialization. Generally,  it comprises of the following tasks: 

  • Assess and analyze user requirements to create technical specifications
  • Write the software program code using complex programming languages such as JAVA, C, Python and so on. 
  • Investigate new technologies
  • Perform testing and debugging processes to identify bugs, errors and areas for modification in existing software systems. 
  • Consult clients, project managers, graphic artists, systems analysts and sales and marketing professionals concerning the performance of software systems and the potential to better its performance. 

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Computer Programmer?

A computer programmer must have specific requisite skills and inclinations and relevant educational background to excel in the field. Aspirants must be exceptional problem solvers with good communication skills and a quick, analytic mind. A computer programmer also tends to work in highly challenging work environments with individual project work and team interaction which is why aspirants must have leadership skills,  team working skills and the ability to work well under pressure. Aspirants must have a keen passion for building systems and having an intense interest in coding. Computer programmer jobs require a fair contribution of Mathematics, creative, innovative and logical concepts. In addition, aspirants must have a genuine interest in technology and electronics.

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How to become an Computer Programmer?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Computer Programmer ?

In order to enroll into a Bachelor’s program at an esteemed university, aspirants are expected to clear the JEE main and subsequently, the JEE Advance exam which makes the aspirant eligible to apply anywhere in India. It is a very difficult and challenging exam to crack that requires hard work as well as rigorous and consistent preparation. Some states have their own entrance exams that are admissible in their respective universities. Many educational institutes conduct their own entrance tests.  


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Computer Programmer?

Depending on one’s educational background, experience, and skillsets, aspirants may apply for the following computer engineering jobs:

  • Computer System Analyst
  • Web developer
  • Database Administrator
  • Computer Network Architect
  • Robotics Engineer
  • Business Intelligence Analyst
  • Information Security Analyst


Are there internships available for Computer Programmer?

In any given field, along with theoretical knowledge, it is always an added advantage to get an on-ground experience that enhances the aspirant's understanding of the domain. Therefore, it is strongly advised to pursue an internship in order to receive exposure to the most recent software and hardware tools, processes, and technologies, as well as to become fluent in industry standards. Internships can be obtained while still in school or after graduation. Many educational boards have made at least one internship required over the course of their degree programme in order better to prepare students for competency in the real world.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Computer Programmer?

A computer programmer is an increasingly popular engineering job for several reasons. One of which enables applicants to work for a range of businesses since the demand for software and technology is not confined to a few. According to credentials, experience, region, industry, and organisation, computer programmer income is typically lucrative and at an all-time high. Computer programmers create things that impact and enhance people's lives all around the globe. It is an excellent career path for someone who likes and is good at coding. As a result, since computer programming is one of the most important businesses in the economy, the career prognosis for computer programmers is quite bright.