How to become an Economist

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

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Who is Economist ?

Economists play essential roles in a wide range of organisations across a wide range of sectors. From financial institutions to community development groups, these individuals play a critical role in discovering why people make choices and assisting companies in better tailoring their marketing and policies to these decisions and behaviours. A job as an economist offers a high earning potential as well as the opportunity to make a positive change within an organisation or community, among other benefits. This post will look at what an economist is, what they do, what qualifications are required to pursue this profession, and what qualities are required to be a successful economist.

An economist is a specialist who studies the link between society and how it makes use of the resources available to it. An economist may research a variety of societies, ranging from tiny towns to whole countries. To anticipate future trends for government and economic purposes, they are concerned with identifying the relationship between a community's or nation's resources and the goods produced from those resources.

Economists also assist firms in determining the logic behind the choices that individuals make, allowing them to develop more educated marketing campaigns. In addition, tax laws, organisational tactics, interest rates, regulations, and international trade agreements are all areas in which economists give expert judgments employed in several contexts. Finally, the ideas presented by economists are used by the government and organisations to prepare for the future based on the economists` forecasts about the economy's direction.

Typical day at work

What does Economist do?

  • The individual develops economic models, creating company policies to reflect models.
  • To collect and analyze political, financial and socioeconomic data.
  • To conduct and utilize surveys by using various sampling techniques.
  • To prepare historical data.
  • To analyze market trends.
  • To communicate economic data in accessible ways.

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Economist?

For economists to be influential in their roles, the following are the most crucial talents they should have. First, an economist needs to be able to think logically and make the connection to find patterns and make sense of things.

Writing abilities: Economists compile and present data to others daily, and they must do it clearly and succinctly that is simple to grasp. Ability to communicate effectively: These experts must be able to successfully describe their results to others in a manner that can be readily understood and shared with others.

Qualifications in mathematics: Economists often use different forms of mathematics to draw connections within their subject and thus must be knowledgeable with the concepts of calculus, statistics, and other advanced mathematical topics. Essential abilities for economists include applying logic and reasoning to difficult situations to come up with answers to them. In addition, an economist's attention to detail is essential in identifying tiny features in data and producing data analyses that are exact and accurate.

Social science knowledge: Economists must also be well-versed in social science disciplines, such as history and sociology, to keep up with the latest developments in their area and appropriately detect social-related developments. Professionals in this industry must be interested in their subject and utilise this curiosity to ask the right questions to come up with efficient answers to economic problems.


Salary for Economist?

The salary of an Economist can vary based on factors such as experience, location, level of education, area of specialization, type of employer, and the sector in which they work.

  • Minimum Monthly Salary: The monthly salary can be from INR 40,000 to INR 60,000.
  • Maximum Monthly Salary: The monthly salary can be from INR 1,50,000 to INR 3,00,000 or more.
  • Annual Salary: The annual salary can be from INR 4,80,000 to INR 36,00,000 or more.
  • Highest Paying Job and Scope:The highest paying job for an Economist is often in senior-level positions within government organizations, international institutions, research institutes, and top corporations. Experienced Economists with advanced degrees and a proven track record of successful economic analysis and policy recommendations can command higher salaries.The scope for Economists is promising as they are in demand in various sectors to provide expert analysis and insights into economic trends, policies, and market dynamics.

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Entrance Exam for Economist ?


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Which Industries are open for Economist?

Economists have diverse opportunities to apply their expertise in various industries, as their analytical and research skills are in demand to understand economic trends, provide insights, and make informed decisions. Here are some industries open for Economists:

  • Government and Public Policy: Economists work in government agencies and ministries, analyzing economic data, conducting policy research, and advising on economic matters.
  • Financial Services: Economists are employed by banks, financial institutions, and investment firms to provide economic forecasts, market analysis, and risk assessment.
  • International Organizations: Economists work with international institutions like the World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), and United Nations (UN) on global economic development and policy projects.
  • Academia and Research Institutions: Economists teach at universities and conduct research in academic institutions and think tanks.
  • Consulting Firms: Economists offer their expertise as consultants, providing economic analysis and recommendations to businesses and organizations.
  • Energy and Natural Resources: Economists analyze energy markets, resource allocation, and environmental policies in the energy and natural resources sectors.
  • Healthcare: Economists study healthcare economics, health policy, and healthcare financing for governments and healthcare organizations.
  • Environmental and Sustainability: Economists contribute to environmental economics, assessing the economic impact of environmental policies and sustainable development initiatives.
  • Market Research and Analytics: Economists work in market research firms, analyzing economic data and consumer behavior to support marketing strategies.
  • Real Estate and Construction: Economists analyze real estate markets, property values, and housing policies for real estate firms and developers.
  • Technology and Innovation: Economists study the economic impact of technological advancements and innovation in tech companies and research institutions.
  • Education: Economists contribute to education policy analysis, cost-benefit analysis of educational programs, and school finance research.
  • Transportation and Infrastructure: Economists assess the economic viability and impact of transportation projects and infrastructure investments.
  • Non-profit and NGOs: Economists work in non-profit organizations and NGOs, analyzing economic issues related to social causes and development.
  • Retail and Consumer Goods: Economists study consumer behavior, market trends, and retail and consumer goods industry pricing strategies.


Are there internships available for Economist?

Take the internship job for 2 years and not less than that in order to have an understanding of practical aspects, gain knowledge and functioning of the organization. This will give you exposure to:

  • Organizational Functioning
  • Attention to details
  • Learning the Skills on the live project
  • Client handling
  • Project Proposals
  • Communication Taking place in the team within the interdepartmental process and a lot more.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Economist?

Economists can identify problem areas in a location as well as potential prospects for addressing such issues. The Economist is a highly detail-oriented position that requires a critical mind to analyse data, work on research findings, assess the economic process, and bring forth the tangible results of the data about the organisation with which they are working. The Economist analyses current data in light of the current situation and considers future projections for the company's development. Economists operate under tight timelines, dealing with documentation containing many complexities and significant figures. Their ability to analyse and comprehend data makes them indispensable in their field.

Economists` advancement differs depending on the organisation. Entry-level assistant economists on the fast track programme at the GES, for example, might anticipate transferring across government departments to broaden their expertise. Promotion to the economic advisor position is based on merit and happens typically three to four years after entering the company. Graduate development programmes, such as those offered by the Bank of England, encourage graduates to advance their careers by moving across sectors and jobs to broaden their skills and knowledge.

Suppose you want to work in the private sector. In that case, you may start as an economic research officer or analyst and work your way up to become a senior economist or an economic consultant. Alternately, you may broaden your professional knowledge, networks, and abilities by switching organisations and, in some instances, industries. This broadens and deepens your CV and may also lead to a more diversified and intriguing professional path. Some top economists began their careers in academia before moving into industry or business, especially after participating in many industry-related research initiatives. Others will go on to further education after working in industry or business for a while.