How to become a Network and Computer Systems Administrator

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Computer & IT


Who is Network and Computer Systems Administrator ?

Computer networks are essential parts of almost every organisation. Network and computer systems administrators, are also known as Network Administrators, design, manage, and maintain day-to-day operation of technological networks that keep information flowing. They plan, install, and support an establishment’s computer system, comprising local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.

Typical day at work

What does Network and Computer Systems Administrator do?

  • Install, configure, and maintain the establishment's internal computer network hardware
  • Handle network security tools such as firewall, anti-virus, and intrusion detection systems
  • Recognize, troubleshoot, resolve, and file network connectivity and performance issues
  • Install and maintain hard-line telephones and other networked telecommunication devices like Intercom
  • Supervise network performance and enhance the network for optimal speed and availability
  • Organize, configure and upgrade network software, such as, enterprise antivirus or diagnostics programs
  • Install and retain emergency, backup and restore systems for mission-critical network servers
  • Control user access to sensitive files to safeguard against internal security breaches
  • Maintenance of end-user desktop support, servers and other networked devices
  • Installing and supervising company network system
  • Checking the network to confirm availability to all system users
  • Examining website functions to ensure optimal performance
  • Train proper use of software and hardware to staff
  • Make needed upgrades and repairs to networks
  • Ensure correct systems operations, network security, availability & performance standards
  • Maintain network and computer system security
  • Evaluate and optimize performance of network or system
  • Add users to a network, and allocate and update network security permissions
  • Analyze and solve problems when a user or an automated monitoring system alerts about it
  • Work with colleagues to explain how to use data storage and communication networks and ensure efficiency
  • Participate in decision-making about buying future hardware or software to upgrade networks
  • Supervise and give technical support to computer users to help solve problems.

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Network and Computer Systems Administrator?

  • Hard skills are acquired by network administrators through education and actual practice. They should, however, be adept in hardware, software, and troubleshooting.
  • Teamwork is vital for network administrators because they collaborate with other technology professionals. They also require interpersonal skills to listen and be responsive to ideas and suggestions as part of a team. When communicating with coworkers, one must be clear and respectful. As a result, network administrators must be able to communicate effectively both verbally and in writing. Administrators must be able to describe problems and their solutions to non-IT staff.
  • Network administrators address problems and make sensible, well-informed decisions by critically and objectively thinking through difficulties, concerns, and ideas. This career necessitates critical thinking, problem-solving, analytical, and decision-making abilities.
  • Administrators may be required to focus on multiple problems and projects at once, necessitating multitasking and time management abilities.


Salary for Network and Computer Systems Administrator?

  • Entry-Level Annual Salary: Entry-level Network and Computer Systems Administrators can expect an annual salary ranging from INR 2,50,000 to INR 5,00,000 or more.

  • Experienced Annual Salary: Experienced administrators with several years of experience can earn an annual salary ranging from INR 4,00,000 to INR 8,00,000 or more.

  • Mid-Level to Senior Annual Salary: Mid-level to senior administrators with substantial experience and expertise can earn annual salaries ranging from INR 6,00,000 to INR 12,00,000 or more.

  • Location Influence: Metropolitan cities and IT hubs often offer higher salaries due to a higher cost of living and demand for skilled professionals.

  • Industry Impact: Working in specialized industries such as IT services, telecommunications, or multinational corporations might lead to higher compensation.

  • Certifications and Skills: Holding relevant certifications (like CCNA, MCSA, etc.) and having expertise in network security or cloud computing can contribute to higher earnings.

  • Government vs. Private Sector: Compensation structures can vary between government organizations and private sector companies.

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How to become an Network and Computer Systems Administrator?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Network and Computer Systems Administrator ?


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Which Industries are open for Network and Computer Systems Administrator?

  1. Information Technology (IT) Services:

    • IT companies and service providers require administrators to manage IT infrastructure, networks, and servers for clients.
  2. Telecommunications:

    • Telecommunication companies need administrators to oversee network infrastructure, communication systems, and customer support.
  3. Financial Services:

    • Banks, financial institutions, and fintech companies hire administrators to manage secure and reliable systems for transactions and data management.
  4. Healthcare:

    • Hospitals, clinics, and healthcare providers rely on administrators to manage electronic health records (EHRs), medical systems, and IT security.
  5. E-commerce and Retail:

    • E-commerce platforms and retail chains require administrators to manage online operations, point-of-sale systems, and customer data.
  6. Education:

    • Schools, colleges, and universities hire administrators to manage campus networks, e-learning platforms, and administrative systems.
  7. Government and Defense:

    • Government agencies and defense organizations need administrators to manage secure communication networks, data, and technology systems.
  8. Manufacturing and Industrial:

    • Manufacturing facilities rely on administrators for managing industrial automation, process control systems, and supply chain technology.
  9. Energy and Utilities:

    • Energy companies and utilities hire administrators to manage communication networks, control systems, and monitoring technologies.
  10. Transportation and Logistics:

    • Transportation companies need administrators to manage logistics systems, tracking technologies, and communication networks.
  11. Media and Entertainment:

    • Media companies require administrators to manage content delivery systems, broadcasting technologies, and digital media platforms.
  12. Automotive Industry:

    • Automotive manufacturers hire administrators to manage IT systems in vehicles, connected car technologies, and manufacturing technology.
  13. Consulting and Services Firms:

    • Consulting firms offer administrator roles in providing IT solutions, network management, and technology services to clients.
  14. Startups and Innovation Hubs:

    • Startups and tech innovators offer administrators roles to work on cutting-edge technologies and develop IT solutions.
  15. Research and Development:

    • Research institutions hire administrators to manage IT infrastructure for scientific research and collaboration.
  16. Aerospace and Aviation:

    • Aerospace organizations need administrators to manage communication systems and technology for aviation and space missions.
  17. Hospitality and Tourism:

    • Hospitality industry requires administrators to manage guest services, reservation systems, and technology infrastructure.


Are there internships available for Network and Computer Systems Administrator?

  1. IT Companies and Managed Service Providers:

    • IT firms and managed service providers offer internships to learn about network administration, server management, and IT support.
  2. Technology Consultancies:

    • Consultancy firms specializing in technology solutions might provide internships to work on client projects, system optimization, and network troubleshooting.
  3. Telecommunication Companies:

    • Telecommunication companies offer internships for understanding network infrastructure, wireless technologies, and communication systems.
  4. Data Centers and Cloud Service Providers:

    • Data centers and cloud providers may offer internships to learn about server management, virtualization, and data center operations.
  5. Educational Institutions:

    • Universities and colleges with IT departments may provide internships where administrators assist in managing campus networks and IT infrastructure.
  6. Government IT Departments:

    • Government agencies and departments often offer internships to learn about network administration and IT services in a public sector setting.
  7. Financial Institutions:

    • Banks and financial organizations may offer internships to gain insights into the technology infrastructure supporting financial systems.
  8. Healthcare Organizations:

    • Hospitals and healthcare providers provide internships to learn about managing healthcare IT systems, electronic health records, and medical imaging systems.
  9. E-commerce and Retail Companies:

    • E-commerce platforms and retail chains may offer internships to work on IT operations, e-commerce platforms, and inventory management systems.
  10. Startups and Innovation Hubs:

    • Startups in the technology sector offer internships to work on innovative IT solutions, cloud-based systems, and emerging technologies.
  11. Energy and Utilities:

    • Energy companies may offer internships to understand the IT infrastructure behind energy distribution and utility management.
  12. Automotive Industry:

    • Automotive manufacturers might provide internships to learn about IT systems in vehicles, connected car technologies, and automotive IT operations.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Network and Computer Systems Administrator?

Network and computer systems administrators work full-time within companies and government agencies to oversee local area networks, wide area networks, network segments, and other data communication systems as needed. Companies depend on their computer networks, so administrators may need to work overtime and also weekends to safeguard that the networks are operating properly around the clock. With enough experience, network administrators can advance to positions such as computer network architects or managerial positions in the IT department, such as computer and information systems managers.