How to become a Physiotherapist

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Medicine & Allied Healthcare


Who is Physiotherapist ?

Physiotherapists are trained professionals who assist in rehabilitating individuals who are physically challenged or have sustained injuries from surgery, illness, or aging, aiding their recovery process. Upon assessing the patient's condition and providing a diagnosis, the Physiotherapist devises a treatment plan specifying the therapeutic exercises suited to the patient's specific needs. The treatment modalities include therapeutic physical exercises, manual therapy, electro-therapy, specialist rehabilitation, and lifestyle medicine. The main goal of a physiotherapist is to help their patients maximize, restore and maintain their physical function, strength, and mobility and reduce the risk of further problems in the future. Their patients can include individuals of all ages, from children to the elderly. Some of the types of physiotherapy that these professionals can specialize in include musculoskeletal, cardiorespiratory, neurological, geriatric, and pediatric physiotherapy, to name a few.

Typical day at work

What does Physiotherapist do?

The roles and responsibilities of physiotherapist are as follows:

  • Conduct clinical assessments and diagnose the patients' physical conditions.
  • Devise a detailed treatment plan to address the patient’s condition and needs.
  • Refer the patients to other medical practitioners or specialists as necessary.
  • Educate the patients and their caregivers on how to prevent further injuries and live a healthy lifestyle.
  • Design clinical management plans for the patients that emphasize exercise and movement to improve and maintain physical function.
  • Explain the impact of the physical condition and the treatment modalities suitable to the patient.
  • Maintain thorough documentation of each case, including case notes and medical reports.
  • Keeping up-to-date with the emerging techniques and technologies, and the current research.
  • Plan and organize physiotherapy and fitness programs to educate and encourage the public to adopt healthier lifestyles.

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Physiotherapist?

A physiotherapist must be well-versed with the human body's in-depth musculoskeletal and anatomical functioning and the scientific rationale behind their treatment procedures. They also need to be patient, caring and understanding their patient's illnesses and suffering. Their communication and interpersonal skills are crucial to ease the patient, form trusting professional relationships with them, and encourage them through the recovery process. Their clarity and effectiveness of speech are also required to explain medical issues in a simple, easily understandable manner to the patients and other healthcare workers. A physiotherapist must be able to work independently and collaborate with other medical professionals to address the patients' condition holistically. Additionally, their time management and organization skills are of importance as well. As a physiotherapist, they should be physically healthy and fit themselves to carry out their physically demanding job duties effectively and set an example for their patients.


Salary for Physiotherapist?

Salary of  A Physiotherapist is as follows :

  • Minimum Monthly Salary: The salary for an entry-level Physiotherapist in India may vary depending on factors like experience, location, and type of healthcare facility. It could range from INR 20,000 to INR 30,000 or more.
  • Maximum Monthly Salary: Highly experienced and skilled Physiotherapists, especially those in senior positions, working in renowned healthcare facilities, or with specialized expertise, may earn a monthly salary ranging from INR 50,000 to INR 1,00,000 or more.
  • Annual Salary: The annual salary for an entry-level Physiotherapist in India could be approximately INR 2.4 lakhs to INR 3.6 lakhs per year. Experienced and well-qualified Physiotherapists may earn a maximum yearly salary ranging from INR 6 lakhs to INR 12 lakhs or more.
  • Highest-Paying Jobs and Scope: The highest-paying jobs for Physiotherapists are often found in specialized settings such as sports medicine clinics, rehabilitation centers, private practices, and hospitals. Physiotherapists specializing in sports physiotherapy, neurorehabilitation, senior care, or musculoskeletal disorders may have more lucrative opportunities. The career scope for Physiotherapists in India is promising as the demand for healthcare services grows. With an aging population, increasing awareness of the importance of physical fitness, and advancements in healthcare technology, the need for skilled Physiotherapists is on the rise.

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How to become an Physiotherapist?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Physiotherapist ?

To enroll into a Bachelors in physiotherapy, it is essential for the aspiring candidate to clear entrance exams conducted by various educational institutes. Some universities in India conduct an entrance for bachelors in physiotherapy. Entrance exams like JIPMER, CET all India entrance test, Guru Govind Indraprastha University Physiotherapy entrance exam, etc. Aspirants need to complete a one-year compulsory rotating internship after their master’s program. Aspirants should attain Bachelor in physiotherapy as a full-time course, in-campus from an institution recognized by the Indian Association of Physiotherapists.


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Physiotherapist?

Physiotherapists have opportunities to work in a variety of industries and settings, including:

  • Hospitals: Physiotherapists are commonly employed to provide rehabilitation services to patients recovering from surgeries, injuries, or medical conditions.
  • Sports Medicine Clinics: Physiotherapists work with athletes to prevent and treat sports-related injuries and enhance their physical performance.
  • Rehabilitation Centers: Physiotherapists help patients recovering from strokes, spinal cord injuries, or other neurological conditions regain mobility and independence.
  • Private Practices: Many physiotherapists establish private practices, offering specialized services and personalized treatment plans.
  • Nursing Homes and Geriatric Care Facilities: Physiotherapists work with elderly patients to improve their mobility, balance, and overall quality of life.
  • Orthopedic Clinics: Physiotherapists treat patients with musculoskeletal injuries and conditions, such as fractures, arthritis, and joint replacements.
  • Schools and Universities: Physiotherapists may work in educational institutions to provide services to students with physical disabilities or injuries.
  • Community Health Centers: Physiotherapists contribute to community health programs and provide outreach services to individuals with limited access to healthcare.
  • Industrial and Corporate Settings: Some physiotherapists work in industrial settings to prevent and manage workplace-related injuries.
  • Research and Academia: Physiotherapists can engage in research and teach in universities and academic institutions, contributing to advancements in the field.
  • Home Healthcare: Physiotherapists provide services to patients in their homes, especially those unable to visit clinics or hospitals.


Are there internships available for Physiotherapist?

Internships for physiotherapists provide valuable hands-on experience and exposure to different healthcare settings. Here are some potential internship opportunities for aspiring physiotherapists:

  • Hospitals and Medical Centers: Many hospitals offer internships in their physiotherapy departments, where interns can work with patients under the supervision of experienced physiotherapists.
  • Sports Medicine Clinics: Interning at sports medicine clinics allows physiotherapy students to gain experience in treating sports-related injuries and working with athletes.
  • Rehabilitation Centers: Internships in rehabilitation centers provide opportunities to work with patients recovering from various medical conditions, such as strokes or spinal cord injuries.
  • Community Health Centers: Some community health centers offer internships to provide physiotherapy services to underserved populations.
  • Elderly Care Facilities: Interning in nursing homes or senior care facilities enables physiotherapy students to work with elderly patients and gain experience in geriatric physiotherapy.
  • Private Physiotherapy Practices: Interning at private physiotherapy practices allows students to observe and assist with various treatment techniques and patient care.
  • Schools and Universities: Some educational institutions offer internships for physiotherapy students to work with students with disabilities or injuries.
  • Sports Teams: Interning with sports teams allows physiotherapy students to gain experience in sports injury management and prevention.
  • Nonprofit Organizations: Certain nonprofit organizations may offer internships to provide physiotherapy services to needy communities.
  • Research Institutions: Internships in research institutions can provide exposure to ongoing research projects related to physiotherapy and rehabilitation.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Physiotherapist?

Physiotherapy is considered a lucrative career option for individuals motivated to serve others. As a physiotherapist, one may have to work for extended periods in the evenings and weekends. While most of the work is conducted in their office or clinic, they may be occasionally required to travel to the patient's home for treatment. They can be employed in hospitals, care homes, community centres, charities, nursing homes, and private clinics. Some of the other settings that present employment opportunities for physiotherapists include armed services, sports clinics, and gyms. Upon gaining ample experience in the field, many physiotherapists choose to set up their private practice. They can also work in the educational sector at universities or research institutions. A physiotherapist should invest in continued professional development by attending conferences, shout courses, and reflective practice programs. With specialist training, a physiotherapist can take on advanced clinical roles, and with ample experience in the field, they can move into managerial positions.