How to become a Social Worker

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Social Work


Who is Social Worker ?

Social workers are the one who help clients handle everyday life problems. They assist clients who have issues caused by domestic violence, neglect, abuse, mental health and parental substance abuse. Clinical social work deals with conducting diagnosis and treat emotional, mental, behavioral issues. Social worker handle cases by phone or in person. Social workers are incharge of gathering relevant information about their cases, assessing clients and providing crisis intervention, contacting, making referrals to other services and agencies. social worker must have the ability to empathize and stay calm with clients when they are upset. Social workers must be aware of peoples reactions and understand why they react as they do.

Typical day at work

What does Social Worker do?

The roles and responsibilities include:

  • To identify communities and people in need of help
  • To determine their goals by assessing clients’ strengths, needs, situations and support networks
  • To help clients adjust to challenges and changes in their lives like illness, divorce, or unemployment
  • To respond in crisis situations such as mental health emergencies and child abuse.
  • To follow up with clients to ensure that their situations have improved
  • To maintain case files and records
  • To evaluate and develop services and programs to ensure that basic client needs are met
  • To provide psychotherapy services

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Social Worker?

Skills and abilities required to become a social worker is to have a ability to give full attention, understand the points being made, must have awareness of others’ reactions , good understanding, comfortable using a computer for various tasks, proficient in PowerPoint, Word, Excel, Outlook, have the ability to stay calm and empathize with clients when they are upset. Other than this the individual must also have compassion, interpersonal skills, listening skills, organizational skills, problem-solving skills, time-management skills.


Salary for Social Worker?

The salary of a Social Worker in India can vary depending on various factors such as experience, qualifications, employer type, industry, and location. 

  • Minimum Salary: The minimum monthly salary for a Social Worker in India typically ranges from Rs.15,000 to Rs.25,000. This range often applies to entry-level positions or those working in smaller nonprofit organizations or grassroots initiatives.
  • Maximum Salary: The maximum monthly salary for a Social Worker in India can range from Rs.40,000 to Rs.70,000 or higher. This higher salary range is usually associated with senior-level positions in large nonprofit organizations, international NGOs, or government agencies.
  • Highest Paying Jobs and Scope: Social Workers in India are typically found in international organizations, large and well-established NGOs, government departments, and consultancy firms. Senior positions such as program managers, policy analysts, project coordinators, or those leading specialized initiatives in public health, education, child welfare, or community development often offer higher salaries. The scope for Social Workers in India is diverse, with opportunities in social services, community development, healthcare, education, mental health, advocacy, and international development. 

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Which Industries are open for Social Worker?

Social workers can find employment opportunities in various industries and sectors that address social issues, promote well-being, and support individuals, families, and communities. Here are some industries where social workers can work:

  • Healthcare and Hospitals: Social workers are employed in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, rehabilitation centres, and other healthcare settings. They support patients and their families, help discharge planning, offer counselling services, and connect individuals with community resources.
  • Social Services and Nonprofit Organizations: Many social workers work for nonprofit organizations and social service agencies that assist and support vulnerable populations. They may work in child welfare, family services, homelessness, domestic violence, substance abuse, and mental health.
  • Education: Social workers are employed in educational institutions, including schools, colleges, and universities. They provide counselling services, address social and emotional issues, support special needs students, and collaborate with teachers and administrators to create a positive and inclusive learning environment.
  • Government Agencies: Social workers work in various government departments and agencies at local, state, and national levels. They may be involved in child protection services, welfare programs, community development, housing initiatives, and policy development.
  • Mental Health and Counseling: Social workers are crucial in mental health settings, including community mental health centres, counselling agencies, and private practices. They provide therapy, conduct assessments, develop treatment plans, and support individuals with mental health challenges.
  • Advocacy and Social Justice: Social workers work for advocacy organizations, human rights agencies, and social justice initiatives. They address systemic issues, promote equality and social change, engage in policy advocacy, and work towards creating a more just and inclusive society.
  • Community Development: Social workers contribute to community development initiatives, working with local governments, community organizations, and grassroots movements. They assess community needs, design and implement programs, facilitate community engagement, and advocate for community well-being.
  • Gerontology and Aging Services: Social workers specializing in gerontology work with older adults and their families. They provide support, counselling, and resources for ageing, retirement, caregiving, long-term care, and end-of-life issues.


Are there internships available for Social Worker?

Yes, there are internships available for social workers. Internships provide valuable hands-on experience and allow aspiring social workers to apply their knowledge and skills in real-world settings. Here are some avenues to explore for social work internships:

  • Social Service Agencies: Many nonprofit organizations and social service agencies offer internships for social work students or recent graduates. These internships provide an opportunity to work directly with clients, assist in case management, and contribute to various social service programs.
  • Healthcare Institutions: Hospitals, clinics, and healthcare organizations may offer internships for social work students. These internships focus on providing support to patients and their families, collaborating with healthcare teams, and understanding the role of social work in the healthcare setting.
  • Government Agencies: Local government departments, such as child protection services, social welfare departments, or community development agencies, may offer internships for individuals interested in social work. These internships provide exposure to government policies, community programs, and social issues.
  • Schools and Educational Institutions: Educational institutions, including schools and colleges, sometimes offer internships for aspiring school social workers. These internships involve working with students, assisting in counselling services, and supporting social-emotional development in an educational setting.
  • Mental Health and Counseling Centers: Mental health organizations, counselling centres, and therapy clinics may provide internships for individuals pursuing a career in clinical social work or mental health counselling. These internships focus on assessment, therapy techniques, and working with individuals experiencing mental health challenges.
  • Advocacy and Nonprofit Organizations: Advocacy organizations and nonprofits focused on social justice issues, human rights, or community development may offer internships that involve research, policy analysis, community organizing, and advocacy efforts.
  • International Development and Humanitarian Organizations: Some international organizations and NGOs working in social development and humanitarian assistance offer internships for individuals interested in global social work issues. These internships can involve working on projects related to poverty alleviation, refugee support, or community empowerment.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Social Worker?

Becoming a social worker an individual will have  a lot of variety available for employment, job allows individual to make a positive impact on the lives of others, the diversity of the work makes every day different, social workers often work in environments which are comfortable and safe, there are plenty of opportunities for growth within this career field, social workers do have access to benefits and a salary which exceed the national average earn a pension and other retirement benefits ,this job has highest job satisfaction.