How to become an Urologist

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Medicine & Allied Healthcare


Who is Urologist ?

A urologist is a specialized physician who deals with the diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. Disorders of the urinary tract consisting of organs such as kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, adrenal glands, as well as organs of the male reproductive system including penis, prostate and testicles are all treated by a urologist medically or surgically. Urologists may treat general urological diseases or further specialise in a particular type of urology such as female urology, male infertility, neuro-urology, pediatric urology, or urologic oncology. 

One may visit a urologist to treat conditions such as Urinary tract infections (UTIs), Incontinence, kidney stones, erectile dysfunction, painful bladder syndrome, Cancers, Prostatitis and so on. Urologists examine patients, diagnose the condition, and prescribe medical or surgical treatment based on the severity of the condition. 

Here are steps to becoming a Urologist

  1. Obtain a Bachelor's Degree: Begin by earning a bachelor's degree in a pre-medical or science-related field. Common majors include biology, chemistry, biochemistry, or any other discipline that fulfils the pre-medical requirements. Maintain a high GPA and participate in extracurricular activities related to healthcare or research to enhance your chances of getting into medical school.
  2. Take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT): To apply for medical school in the United States and Canada, you must take the MCAT. This standardized exam assesses your knowledge of scientific principles, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.
  3. Attend Medical School: After completing your undergraduate studies and obtaining a competitive MCAT score, you can apply to medical schools. Medical school typically lasts four years, during which you'll study various medical disciplines through classroom education, laboratory work, and clinical rotations.
  4. Complete Residency Training: After graduating from medical school, aspiring urologists must undergo residency training in urology. Urology residencies typically last five to six years and involve extensive clinical training under the guidance of experienced urologists. During this period, you will gain hands-on experience diagnosing and treating urological conditions.
  5. Pursue Fellowship (Optional): Urology is a broad field with various subspecialties. Some urologists undergo additional fellowship training to specialize in pediatric urology, urologic oncology, female urology, or male infertility. Fellowships usually last one to two years.
  6. Obtain Licensure: To practice as a urologist, you must obtain a medical license in the state or country where you intend to work. Licensure requirements vary but usually involve passing a medical licensing exam specific to the region.
  7. Get Board Certified: Although board certification is not mandatory, it is highly recommended for urologists. Board certification demonstrates your expertise and dedication to the field. You can obtain board certification through the American Board of Urology (ABU) in the United States.
  8. Continuously Update Knowledge: Medicine, including urology, is constantly evolving. As a urologist, staying updated with the latest research, advancements, and treatment protocols is essential. This can be achieved through attending medical conferences, reading medical journals, and participating in continuing medical education (CME) activities.

Typical day at work

What does Urologist do?

Urologist job description comprises of the following tasks:

  • Examine patients to study and treat the urological disorder
  • Recommend the best treatment or operational procedures and explain the necessity, estimates and risks to the patient
  • Perform abdominal, pelvic and retroperitoneal surgical operations
  • Review patients’ reports to understand the physical conditions and medical histories
  • Examine the medical equipment and set up to ensure compliance with hygiene and safety rules 
  • Consult with anaesthetists to determine the correct anaesthesia for patients
  • Prescribe post-operative care
  • Document a patient’s history
  • Direct and train nurses, and other medical staff to provide patient care

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Urologist?

To become a successful Urologist, one needs a combination of abilities, skills, and aptitude. Urology is a medical speciality focused on diagnosing and treating diseases and conditions related to the urinary tract and male reproductive system. Here are the key attributes required for aspiring Urologists:

  1. Strong Academic Background: Aspiring Urologists must excel in academics, particularly biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics, during their pre-medical education.
  2. Medical Degree: Urologists must complete medical school (MBBS or equivalent) to obtain a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree.
  3. Residency in Urology: After completing medical school, Urologists undergo a urology residency program, typically lasting for five to six years. During this period, they receive specialized training in urological procedures and patient care under the guidance of experienced Urologists.
  4. Analytical Skills: Urologists require strong analytical abilities to accurately diagnose and interpret complex medical data, test results, and imaging reports.
  5. Problem-Solving Skills: Urology involves dealing with intricate urinary and reproductive system disorders. Urologists must have excellent problem-solving skills to identify underlying issues and provide appropriate medical interventions.
  6. Hand-Eye Coordination: Urologists perform surgical procedures that require precise hand-eye coordination and agility, making this skill vital for their work.
  7. Communication Skills: Effective communication is essential for Urologists to interact with patients, explain medical concepts, and provide compassionate care.
  8. Empathy and Compassion: Urologists deal with sensitive medical conditions, and having empathy and compassion is crucial to providing emotional support to patients and their families.
  9. Attention to Detail: Urologists must be meticulous, as accurate diagnoses and surgical procedures are essential for patient well-being.
  10. Lifelong Learning: Medicine is an evolving field, and Urologists need to stay updated with the latest research, technological advancements, and treatment modalities to provide the best possible care to their patients.


Salary for Urologist?

The monthly salary for a Urologist in India can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, type of medical facility, and individual qualifications. Please note that these figures are approximate and may vary over time. Here are the estimated monthly salaries for Urologists in India:

  1. Junior or Entry-level Urologist: Monthly Salary: 1,00,000 to 2,50,000 INR
  2. Mid-level Urologist: Monthly Salary: 2,50,000 to 5,00,000 INR
  3. Experienced and Senior-level Urologist: Monthly Salary: 5,00,000 to 10,00,000 INR

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Which Industries are open for Urologist?

  1. Urologists are medical professionals specializing in diagnosing, treating, and managing diseases and disorders related to the urinary tract and male reproductive system. They can work in various healthcare settings and industries, including:
  2. Hospitals and Medical Centers: Urologists, commonly practice in hospitals and medical centers, providing comprehensive urological care to patients. They diagnose and treat conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, prostate diseases, urinary incontinence, and male infertility.
  3. Urology Clinics: Urologists may work in specialized urology clinics as part of a group or solo practice. These clinics focus on urological conditions, providing outpatient services, consultations, and surgical interventions.
  4. Academic Institutions: Urologists often work in academic institutions, such as medical schools and research universities. In addition to clinical practice, they may teach medical students, conduct research, and contribute to advancements in urological knowledge and treatments.
  5. Research and Development: Some urologists may work in research and development, exploring new treatments, techniques, and medical devices in urology. They may collaborate with pharmaceutical companies, medical device manufacturers, or research institutions to advance urological healthcare.
  6. Private Practice: Urologists can establish their private practice, providing specialized urological care to patients. They may offer comprehensive services, including consultations, diagnostic tests, surgeries, and follow-up care.
  7. Telemedicine and Virtual Care: With the growing popularity of telemedicine, urologists can offer virtual consultations and remote monitoring of patients. They may work for telemedicine platforms or establish their virtual practice, providing convenient access to urological care.
  8. Multispecialty Clinics: Urologists may work in multispecialty clinics alongside other medical professionals, such as nephrologists, oncologists, and gynecologists. These clinics provide integrated care for patients with complex urological and related conditions.
  9. Pharmaceutical and Medical Device Companies: Urologists with expertise in research, clinical trials, or medical affairs can work for pharmaceutical companies or manufacturers. They may contribute to developing new drugs, treatments, or medical devices in urology.
  10. Public Health Organizations: Urologists may work with public health organizations, government agencies, or non-profit organizations, focusing on public health initiatives related to urological diseases, prevention programs, and policy development.
  11. International Health and Humanitarian Organizations: Urologists may volunteer or work with international health organizations and humanitarian groups, providing urological care and expertise in underserved areas or during humanitarian crises.


Are there internships available for Urologist?

Internships specifically tailored for urologists may not be as common as in other fields of medicine. However, there are opportunities for urologists-in-training or medical students interested in urology to gain practical experience and exposure to the specialty. Here are a few avenues to explore:

  1. Residency Programs: Urology residency programs typically include hands-on clinical training as part of the training curriculum. Aspiring urologists work closely with experienced urologists, gaining practical skills, performing surgeries, and managing urological conditions during residency. It is an internship-like experience within the context of urology training.
  2. Clinical Observerships: Clinical observerships allow medical students or early-stage urologists to shadow experienced urologists and gain exposure to clinical practice. Observerships provide an opportunity to observe patient consultations, surgeries, and procedures. While observerships may not involve direct patient care, they can offer valuable insights into the specialty.
  3. Research Internships: Urologists interested in research can explore research internships or research assistant positions within academic institutions or urology departments. These internships provide exposure to ongoing research projects, data analysis, literature review, and potentially hands-on involvement in research studies.
  4. Volunteer Programs: Some healthcare organizations and medical missions offer volunteer opportunities for urologists to provide medical services in underserved areas or during humanitarian missions. While not formal internships, these programs allow urologists to gain practical experience, expand their clinical skills, and make a difference in underserved communities.
  5. Industry Collaborations: Urologists may explore collaborations with pharmaceutical companies, medical device manufacturers, or other industry partners. These collaborations can involve research collaborations, clinical trials, or participation in industry-sponsored educational programs or workshops.
  6. Academic Teaching Positions: Aspiring urologists can consider academic teaching positions within medical schools or urology departments. These positions may involve teaching medical students, supervising residents, and contributing to educational programs. While not internships per se, they provide opportunities to refine teaching skills and contribute to the field of urology education.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Urologist?

The future for Urologists appears promising, with advancements in medical technology and an increasing focus on men's health. Technological innovations, such as minimally invasive procedures and robotic-assisted surgeries, will continue to improve patient outcomes and reduce recovery times. The rising prevalence of urological conditions, particularly in ageing populations, will create a sustained demand for specialized care. Urologists are likely to play a pivotal role in raising awareness about urological health, encouraging preventive measures, and promoting early detection of conditions like prostate cancer. Additionally, integrating telemedicine and digital health solutions will enhance access to urological care, ensuring patients in remote or underserved areas receive timely and expert consultations. Overall, the future for Urologists is marked by opportunities for growth, research advancements, and a greater impact on improving the quality of life for patients with urological disorders.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What are the qualifications of a Urologist?

Answer: To become a urologist, you need to complete the following qualifications:

  • Bachelor's Degree: Obtain a bachelor's degree in a pre-medical or science-related field. This typically takes three to four years.
  • Medical School (MBBS): After completing your bachelor's degree, you must attend medical school (MBBS) for five and a half years.
  • Internship: After graduating from medical school, you must complete a one-year compulsory rotating internship.
  • Postgraduate Residency in Urology: To specialize in urology, you need to apply for a postgraduate residency program in urology.

Urology residencies in India typically last three years, during which you receive specialized training in urological conditions and surgeries. e. Additional Fellowships (Optional): Urology is a diverse field, and some urologists choose to pursue further fellowship training in specific urological subspecialties, such as pediatric urology, urologic oncology, or male infertility.

2. How long does it take to become a Urologist in India?

Answer: Becoming a urologist in India takes approximately 12-13 years of education and training after completing high school.

The breakdown of the timeline is as follows:


  • Bachelor's Degree: 3-4 years
  • Medical School (MBBS): 5.5 years
  • Internship: 1 year
  • Urology Residency: 3 years

3. How much does a Urologist earn in India?

Answer: The salary of a urologist in India can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, type of employer (government or private hospital), and individual skills. As of my last update in September 2021, the average salary for a urologist in India could range from ? eight lakhs to ?30 lakhs per annum or more.

4. Who is eligible for MSC Urology?

Answer: The abbreviation "MSc" in India typically means a Master of Science degree. However, when becoming a urologist, the appropriate qualification would be an MCh (Master of Chirurgiae) in Urology. MCh in Urology is a postgraduate degree for medical doctors who want to specialize in urology. To be eligible for this program, you need to meet the following criteria:

Hold an MBBS degree from a recognized medical college.

Complete a compulsory rotating internship after MBBS.

Clear the NEET SS (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test - Super Specialty) exam, which is conducted for admission to various MCh and DM (Doctor of Medicine) programs in India.

5. How can I become a Urologist in India?

Answer: To become a urologist in India, follow these steps:

  • Complete your 10+2 education with the science stream (Physics, Chemistry, Biology).
  • Clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to qualify for medical school (MBBS).
  • Pursue MBBS for five and a half years. d. Complete a one-year compulsory rotating internship after MBBS.
  • After completing your internship, apply for a postgraduate residency program in Urology (MCh Urology).
  • Complete the three-year urology residency program, gaining specialized training in urology.
  • Consider pursuing additional fellowships for further specialization if desired (optional).