How to become a Human Resource Manager

Overview, Courses, Exam, Colleges, Pathways, Salary

Management & business administration


Who is Human Resource Manager ?

Human Resource Managers are involved in the strategic planning and implementing the administrative functions of the company’s human resource department for managing its manpower. They help the organization to achieve its goals by ensuring that its workforce is skilled, competent, performing efficiently. An HR manager is responsible for a range of activities pertaining to the employees of the organization including recruitment, training and development, monitoring performance as well as counselling the employees.

They form an important link between the upper management or the administrative staff and the current employees of the organization. Their aim to optimize the efforts of the skilled workforce available to the organization. An HR manager also ensures that the company adheres to the applicable employment laws in order to protect the interests of the employees as well as that of the company. They assist the company in building a staff that allows for the company to achieve its business goals.

HR managers play a vital role in motivating the employees, ensuring productivity and efficiency of their work, and drive employee engagement. They are key to establishing a healthy and encouraging work environment that maximises the value obtained from the company’s workforce.

Typical day at work

What does Human Resource Manager do?

  • Organizing and managing the activities of the Human Resource department.
  • Develop and maintain the company’s performance appraisal program
  • Inducting employees, provide orientations to new employees
  • Ensure appropriate measures are being taken for the health and safety of the employees
  • Create and place job advertisements as well as recruit, interview, select, and hire new employees
  • Offer advice on how to address human resource issues in the organization such as harassment
  • Manage employee issues by mediating disputes or initiating disciplinary procedures
  • Oversee the training and development programs undertaken for teaching new employees or upskilling the existing employees
  • Manage the company’s salary budgets and oversee the compensation and benefits programs
  • Provide recommendations for the policies and procedures related to company personnel
  • Maintain documentation of the company’s employee records and other administrative documents  
  • Ensure that the applicable employment laws are being followed by the organization
  • Oversee the employee termination procedures and exit interviews

Abilities and Aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Human Resource Manager?

People management and leadership skills are paramount for these professionals to manage employer-employee relations. They should be well-versed with the current employment laws at all times in order to ensure the company's activities are within legal boundaries. Exceptional communication and interpersonal skills are required for HR managers to effectively liaise with the administrative staff as well as the employees. Their decision-making skills and reasoning abilities should be strong in order to guide the decisions regarding the company’s policies, practices, and procedures related to the workforce and operations.

They should be empathetic, approachable, and methodical individuals with strong leadership abilities and critical thinking skills. They should have good business acumen and a commercial focus to ensure the profitability of the company. As HR manager, they should have a working knowledge of the relevant software used for documentation purposes.


Salary for Human Resource Manager?

Salary information for a Human Resource Manager in India:

  • Minimum Monthly Salary: For entry-level Human Resource Managers or those working in small companies or startups, the minimum monthly salary may range from INR 30,000 to INR 50,000.
  • Maximum Monthly Salary: Experienced and highly successful Human Resource Managers working in large corporations or multinational companies can earn a monthly salary of INR 1,00,000 to INR 2,00,000 or more.
  • Annual Salary: The annual salary of a Human Resource Manager can be from INR 5,00,000 to several lakhs, depending on their level of experience, the size of the organization, and the industry.
  • Highest Paying Job and Scope: The highest paying job for a Human Resource Manager is often found in senior HR management positions within large organizations, where they oversee HR strategies and policies for the entire workforce. Human Resource Managers with experience in talent acquisition, employee engagement, and strategic HR planning can command higher salaries.The scope for Human Resource Managers in India is promising as companies recognize the significance of having a competent HR team to manage their workforce effectively. Human Resource Managers play a vital role in talent acquisition, employee relations, performance management, training and development, and ensuring compliance with labour laws and regulations.

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How to become an Human Resource Manager?

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam for Human Resource Manager ?

Undergraduate Level

  • DU JAT
  • IPMAT 2018
  • NPAT 2018
  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)
  • AIMA UGAT 2018

Postgraduate Level

  • CAT (Common Admission Test)
  • AIMA-MAT (Management Aptitude Test)
  • XAT (Xavier Aptitude Test)
  • IIFT (Indian Institute Of Foreign Trade)
  • SNAP (Symbiosis National Aptitude Test)
  • CMAT (Common Management Admission Test)
  • IBSAT (IBS Aptitude Test)
  • MICAT (MICA Admission Test)
  • MAH - MBA/MMS CET (Maharashtra MBA Common Entrance Test)

Doctoral Course

  • Research management aptitude test R-MAT
  • Symbiosis University Ph.D entrance examination
  • XIMB-RAT (Research Aptitude Test)
  • IIIT Delhi PhD Admission Test
  • Faculty of Management Studies (FMS), Delhi University PhD entrance test
  • Aligarh Muslim University PhD Entrance exam
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) Entrance Exam"


Which course I can pursue?


Which Industries are open for Human Resource Manager?

  • Manufacturing
  • Scientific
  • Technical
  • Consumer goods company
  • Export firms
  • Government commercial enterprises
  • Market research
  • Whole sale
  • Retailing
  • Advertising
  • Hospitals and health product manufacturers
  • Consultancies
  • IT firms
  • Consumer durables industry
  • Finance and Insurance
  • Education


Are there internships available for Human Resource Manager?

Internships for Human Resource Managers are valuable opportunities for individuals pursuing a career in HR to gain practical experience and develop essential skills. Here are some potential sources to find internships for aspiring Human Resource Managers:

  • Corporations and Companies: Large companies and corporations often offer HR internships to assist with recruitment, employee onboarding, training programs, and HR operations.
  • Human Resource Consulting Firms: HR consulting firms may have internship programs where interns work on various HR projects for their clients.
  • Non-Profit Organizations: Non-profit organizations may offer HR internships to assist with managing volunteers, coordinating HR-related events, and supporting the organization's workforce.
  • Recruitment Agencies: HR internships with recruitment agencies provide exposure to the hiring process, candidate sourcing, and interview coordination.
  • Government Agencies: Some government departments or agencies may offer HR internships to support their human resource functions.
  • Universities and Colleges: Educational institutions often have HR departments that offer internships to students interested in HR careers.
  • Healthcare Facilities: Hospitals and healthcare facilities may have HR internships to support HR tasks specific to the healthcare industry.
  • Hospitality and Retail Industries: Businesses in the hospitality and retail sectors may offer HR internships to assist with staffing, training, and employee relations.
  • Startups: HR internships with startups provide exposure to diverse HR activities and challenges in a dynamic and fast-paced environment.
  • Online Job Platforms: Job search websites may have listings for HR internships with various organizations.

Career outlook

What does the future look like for Human Resource Manager?

The job outlook for HR managers is bright as more companies and organizations continue to form or expand their operations, necessitating the services of HR managers to oversee their programs. After gaining considerable experience in the field they can advance to the position of HR Director or choose to specialise in a specific area by working as labour relations directors, training and development managers, payroll managers, compensation and benefits managers, talent managers or recruiting managers. They can be employed by organizations across all industries in both, private and public sectors, in order to handle their workforce.

This includes large businesses, specialist human resource companies, professional HR agencies, charitable organizations as well as government organizations. HR managers typically work in office settings with standard business work hours. Depending upon their particular employers, HR managers may have to travel to different locations to manage employee recruitment processes or attend corporate meetings.